Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental issue that causes certain changes in a person’s brain functionality, causing them to have different behavioral traits than others. These behavioral changes are difficult to predict as the signs of autism in each individual are different. As a result, there’s no definitive medical cure, and a psychiatrist does the diagnosis.
Over the years, the advancements in autism have made it much more convenient for people to find the right diagnosis and try treatment plans tailored to their unique needs. Here are some more developments done in the field of autism to help improve people’s lives.
Telehealth means delivering healthcare using telecommunication technology. With autism, most of the diagnosis is done by a psychiatrist, so it’s easier to move to telehealth. But regular online consultations aren’t enough to give a definitive diagnosis.
This is why special apps and programs are being developed that monitor a person’s response and help doctors make appropriate diagnoses. Additionally, telehealth practitioners can design, deliver, and modify treatment plans by scheduling in-person consultations.
Currently, psychiatric evaluation is one of the only ways to diagnose autism. But psychiatrists are humans like the rest of us and can make mistakes during a diagnosis. This is one of the reasons why people need to go for multiple evaluations before a diagnosis is confirmed. But an AI can better monitor a person’s behavioral changes and diagnose signs of autism.
AI can also tell the severity of the diagnosis and the appropriate treatment based on the already available data models and previous research. AI can also review the effectiveness of different treatment methods and modify them based on the patient’s progress.
Interventions due to autism are currently limited to in-clinic settings. But considering the behavioral issues faced by people with autism, the clinical settings sometimes do more harm than good. On the other hand, advancements in home-based settings or hybrid intervention settings help people, especially children, get the help they need in a more comfortable environment. This also helps caregivers observe their patients without making it feel like a consultation.
Stem Cell Therapy
After the breakthrough in treating cerebral palsy disorder with stem cells, researchers have turned to the use of stem cells to ease certain symptoms of autism. The therapy is still in the trial phase and is geared toward children. The therapy uses the child’s umbilical cord to harvest stem cells.
Researchers predict that the stem cells will reduce abnormalities in the nervous systems, therefore, easing symptoms of autism at a younger age. The umbilical cord is harvested at birth and stored in a stem cell bank, and the trial phases have been approved by the FDA recently.
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